Koodi: Valitse kaikki
GUIDELINES FOR EVENTS FOR INEXPERIENCED PLAYERS One should never lose sight of the prime objective of organizing all chess events. This is that everybody involved enjoys the event as much as possible, given that one player may win and the other lose. This applies to players, arbiters, organisers, and so on. Most events are for people, irrespective of their age, gender, etc. Events for very young children have their own very special problems. Chess education often goes hand in hand with the actual play. K The arbiter may find himself in the position of being an educator about chess. Q Defaulting or forfeiting players is undesirable, except when it is a forced variation. R Most players usually want to play, not win by default. Providing a filler or house player for somebody who would otherwise win by default is desirable. L It should be made clear that, if the event is a Swiss, nobody is knocked out. All players play all rounds. N For a Swiss, allowing ½ point byes so that a player can miss a round can be highly effective. P There is little point in scoring the games 3/1/0. (Article 11) M There is little point in having rules about no draws in less than a certain number of moves. (Article 9.1) W The repetition rule 9.2 is often unknown or misunderstood. Sometimes it is necessary to step in and declare a game drawn when there have been multiple repetitions. T Because a player has infringed a rule does not mean they have to be defaulted. There are lesser penalties. A warning is often sufficient. (Article 13.4) V The FIDE Law 7.4b regarding illegal moves is extremely strict. Usually there is little point in awarding an extra two minutes as a penalty for young children as they often play so quickly. Forfeiting on the third occasion is extreme. It may prove better to ignore all the illegal moves and accept the result that comes in. In time trouble, interfering when an illegal move has happened and been condoned, may decide the result of the game. Thus it may be fairer to leave well alone. But don’t then tell the players afterwards that an illegal move happened; the loser will feel justifiably aggrieved. S Sometimes people promote to a queen and use an inverted rook for this purpose. Provided both players have condoned the action, replace the piece by a queen immediately after the next move is completed. Z Some seniors are not used to using algebraic notation. The arbiter might permit the player to use such as descriptive notation. K Conventionally experienced players do not announce check. Children often do. Q Confusion sometimes arises as to whether a player has resigned. Stating this, or tipping over the king is unambiguous. But holding out one’s hand or stopping the chessclock isn’t so clear. Signing the scoresheet reduces arguments. R Players should be encouraged to mark the offer of a draw on the scoresheet with (=). This reduces misunderstandings. L Players who intend to withdraw or miss a round must inform the arbiter before the pairings for the next round are made. Simply failing to turn up must be discouraged. N There is no specific law regarding sickness during play. Nor should there be, there are too many variables for this rare occurrence. Arbiters are assumed to be competent. P Sometimes children need cushions on their chair in order to be comfortable. M Often there is no point in using clocks; we have all had events where the first game is completed before all the games have started. Children sometimes concentrate on the clock to the exclusion of all else. W When castling, a player must first touch the king 4.4b. The arbiter may decide a warning is adequate when the rook is touched first. T Sometimes very young children are very knowledgeable about the Laws. Waiving them may be impossible. V A round robin is often to be preferred over a Swiss. Sometimes the people in charge do not understand the system. That children may have to stand around waiting for the pairings to be made is highly undesirable. The noise level rises inexorably and the children get bored. S It is very useful to discuss the games after play, but children usually keep score extremely badly. It is better to wander around and make notes of interesting situations during play. Z Provision of some form of coaching adds greatly to any chess event. K In the UK Chess Challenge, 0 points are awarded for a defaulted game, 1 for a loss, 2 for a draw and 3 for a win. This is an identical scoring system to the more familiar 0, ½, 1. It has the advantage that every child who plays gets some points. Q It is highly desirable that each child gets something to take away. This might be a certificate, pen, button badge or magazine. R Players of all ages also like prize money. It lends validity to the competitive nature of the event. L Children readily adapt to the idea that, if they need a controller, they put up their hand. Adults would not be so amenable. N It is best if the result is handed in using either a scoresheet or result slip. Relying on word of mouth is fraught with problems; it is not unknown for 8 year olds to falsify the result. P It is desirable to have a separate safe area where children can play and run around. M The whole matter of refreshments must be considered in depth. W The toilet facilities should be inspected at any event, but it is vital for a children’s event. T The events are often started in a separate area and then the children led into the playing room separated from their parents. Chess teaches children independence at a very early age. One of its benefits is that they learn to be responsible for their own decisions, which is unusual in modern society. Even so, the responsible adult must be close at hand. V Parents need to be educated. The film ‘Searching for Bobby Fischer’ (‘Innocent Moves’ in the UK) should be required viewing. It explores the relationship between a young chessplayer and his father. S In the UK people working with children other than privately are required to have police clearance. Z In many countries there is a thriving industry teaching children the rudiments of chess. Unfortunately they then often stop playing by the age of nine. Education is never wasted and they may return to the game later. But it is highly desirable they learn beyond simply pushing the pieces around and, without a guiding adult, this is unlikely to happen. Competitive events are required and a relationship established with competitive events for more mature players. K Do not hide the fact that chess is a difficult game. That is one of its attractions. Q Another is the lack of ‘ageism’ in chess. Children and adults can mingle together.